Land Disputes in the White Mountains

Part I:  The Jackson Iron Manufacturing Company

A plan of various townships in the White Mountains, undated

Amongst the papers donated to the Phillips Library by the Pingree Family are those of two corporations owned by David Pingree (1795-1863):  The Jackson Iron Manufacturing Company and the Mount Washington Summit Road Company.  Though the papers include standard business records such as stock certificates, meeting minutes, financial documents, and correspondence, for these corporations the records mainly revolve around the land ownership litigation that both were involved in during the latter half of the 19th century.

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Farmers, Fishermen, and Distillers: Essex County’s Place in the History of Rum

Jordan Smith

© 2006 Peabody Essex Museum. Photo Mark Sexton

More than 200 years before the Samuel Adams brewery put Massachusetts at the forefront of America’s beer revolution, the colony was one of the leading producers of another alcohol: rum. Historian John McCusker estimates that in 1770 there were 51 rum distilleries operating in Massachusetts, collectively distilling over two million gallons of the spirit per year. Indeed, when Samuel Adams and his cronies began to plan their resistance to the Tea Act in 1773, they purportedly shared a bowl of rum punch—not beer. Read more